One of the most important environmental and social problems at present is climate change, increasing its relevance in recent decades and, therefore, this year 2019 will remain of vital importance the fight to avoid it.

Among the causes of this problem is the construction industry, having a special responsibility, since the built environment is a great pressure for the natural environment and is responsible for 23% of the world's carbon dioxide emissions. In addition to taking into account point 11 (Sustainable cities and communities) of the 17 points of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, other points of this document are also related to the construction industry. This means that it is crucial for sector participants to commit to active participation in achieving these sustainability objectives. The professionals have compiled the most important trends in green architecture in 2019, which support the fight against climate change by the construction industry.

This past year 2018, the trends became more transparent. The effects of the construction industry, both on people and on the environment, were taken into account, and this was reacted with the help of innovative technologies and architectural solutions. Green architecture solutions will gain more emphasis this year, and this is also reinforced by new regulations and changing customer needs. Global architectural trends can be grouped into five main categories, but their objectives are common: to create a livable and sustainable environment.

Sustainable solutions

According to a recent analysis, buildings are responsible for more than 40% of energy expenditure and more than 35% of carbon dioxide production. To reduce ecological burdens, local and international regulations are established stricter sustainability requirements.

Near net zero energy means that buildings should be able to operate in a near self-sustaining way. To achieve this, it is necessary to implement renewable and innovative energy technologies, in addition to machinery that can regulate the temperature and lighting of the building according to real needs. The energy consumption of the building can be reduced with architectural tools such as orientation or volume.

2. Innovative technologies

Intelligent city technology solutions have become common in our daily lives. In 2018, we could see how they were trending in our homes, not only for the cases of futuristic luxury apartments, but they are also available to the general public. This can be seen in the fact that this segment is growing rapidly: according to the Forbes analysis in 2018, in the USA. we can expect a 22% expansion of this segment. The role of these technologies will be equally important in the near future for residential, office or public buildings, because (apart from making our lives more comfortable) they contribute to more transparent and conscious energy consumption.

Sustainable city with intelligence

Intelligent technologies have great relevance in the analysis of the use of the building. The data obtained through this method have a prominent role in the planning process and, thanks to this, sustainable buildings can be created much cheaper with the use of resources and monetary spending. Thanks to new trends and the spread of smart solutions, more and more information is available on which professionals can rely.

Intelligent technologies have great relevance in the analysis of the use of the building.

3. Resilient buildings

In the case of new buildings, constructions that take into account changing climatic conditions, as effects of climate change, are becoming increasingly important. Floods, storms and other natural disasters frequently occur in many parts of the world, and a growing need for buildings and urban development projects that can withstand them has been detected.

In addition, the need for buildings to adapt to users is evident, which is constantly changing due to the rapidly developing technologies.

4. Health and wellbeing

Currently the urban lifestyle is defined as a person who spends 90% of the day indoors on average and, therefore, the time spent in a building significantly affects their health. As a result, during the process of designing a building, the search for health and well-being is increasingly important.

Currently the urban lifestyle is defined as a person who spends 90% of the day indoors on average.

A study by researchers at Harvard University, "The impact of green buildings on cognitive function", states that the performance of employees is much better if indoor air quality is good, which resulted in the Employers and also investors focus on the quality of the environment. It is important to mention the principle of biophilia, which emphasizes the need to bring nature closer to people living in cities with the help of natural building materials, large-scale green areas and sources of natural light. Architectural materials make it possible for building users to obtain sufficient natural lighting and good air quality, which are extremely important in the case of office buildings.

Sustainable building with plants

5. Building certification systems

Some of the different architectural solutions allow the emission of harmful materials to be measured in a simple way, but what is evident is that health and well-being are very difficult to quantify. Building certification systems such as WELL, BREEAM and LEED play an important role in this field worldwide, as they are responsible for classifying buildings according to various habitability criteria. Due to the changes in the regulations and the new emergent needs of the users, the number of buildings corresponding to the certification systems is increasing.

To conclude this article it is interesting to note that these mentioned trends will be further strengthened in 2019 and, at the same time, an environmentally conscious way of thinking will become important for more and more people, since, increasingly, a growing number of people It is realizing the problems caused by climate change.